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computer_basics:what_is_a_wiki_slides [2012/10/23 18:17]
mithat created
computer_basics:what_is_a_wiki_slides [2013/03/11 22:25] (current)
mithat
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 ====== What is a Wiki? ====== ====== What is a Wiki? ======
-"A wiki is a Web application whose content is collaboratively added, updated, and organized by its users."((Mitchell, Scott. "Easy Wiki Hosting, Scott Hanselman's blog, and Snagging Screens." MSDN | Microsoft Development, Subscriptions, Resources, and More. Microsoft, Inc., 1 July 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc700339.aspx>.))+Mithat Konar
  
-The emphasis in a wiki is on: +2013-03-11
-  * Letting all users create pages quickly. +
-  * Making it easy to link pages to each other.+
  
-===== Open vs. closed =====+===== Definitions ===== 
 +  * **wiki**: //"a Web application whose content is collaboratively added, updated, and organized by its users."// (Mitchell) 
 +  * Emphasis in a wiki is on: 
 +    * Letting users create pages quickly. 
 +    * Making it easy to link pages to each other. 
 +  * **wiki engine**: the program that runs a wiki. 
 +  * **wiki markup language**: simple text-based system for writing pages.
  
-Wikis can be completely **open**--meaning //anyone// can edit pages. But since there are a lot of people who abuse this kind of thing, most wikis are **closed** (meaning you must have an account to //edit// the wiki) or **private** (meaning you must have an account to //view// the wiki). 
  
 ===== History ===== ===== History =====
-"Wikis can be dated to 1995, when American computer programmer Ward Cunningham created a new collaborative technology for organizing information on Web sites. Using a Hawaiian term meaning 'quick,' he called this new software WikiWikiWeb."(("wiki (Web site) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1192819/wiki>.)) +//"Wikis can be dated to 1995, when American computer programmer Ward Cunningham created a new collaborative technology for organizing information on Web sites. Using a Hawaiian term meaning 'quick,' he called this new software WikiWikiWeb."// (Britannica)
  
 ===== Typical wiki features ===== ===== Typical wiki features =====
 +  * Easy writing
 +  * Editing history
 +  * Editing protection
  
-==== Easy writing ==== +===== Easy writing ===== 
-The central feature of a wiki is that it "supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly."(("Wiki: What Is Wiki." Wiki: Welcome Visitors. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWiki>.)) Most of the time, a wiki will use a simple system for writing pages called a **wiki markup language**. Each **wiki engine** (the program that runs a wiki) tends to have its own markup language, but they all offer similar featuresThere is an attempt to create a standard markup language for wikis (and other documents) called [[http://www.wikicreole.org/|Creole]].+  * Central features of a wiki markup language: 
 +    * simple text syntax for creating new pages 
 +    * simple text syntax for creating crosslinks between internal pages 
 +    * support for hyperlinks 
 +  * Each wiki engine tends to have its own markup language. 
 +    * [[http://www.wikicreole.org/|Creole]] is an attempt to create a standard markup language for wikis. 
 +  
 +===== Easy writing =====
  
-Sometimes, a toolbar will be provided on the editing screen with icons to insert the most commonly used markup. Sometimes a wiki will supply a WYSIWYG interface for writing pages, similar to what you would find in a word processor. +  * Sometimes, a **toolbar** will be provided on the editing screen with icons to insert the most commonly used markup. 
 +  * Sometimes a wiki will supply a **WYSIWYG** interface for writing pages, similar to what you would find in a word processor. 
  
-==== Page history ==== +===== Editing history ===== 
-Many wikis also maintain a history of your page editing. Every change you make to a page is kept track of so you can compare the current version to an older one. This feature is especially important in an open wiki in case someone makes some really bad changes--on purpose or by accident.+  Many wiki engines maintain a **history** of your page editing. 
 +    * Every change you make to a page is kept track of so you can compare the current version to an older one. 
 +    * Especially important in an open wiki in case someone makes some really bad changes--on purpose or by accident. 
 + 
 +===== Editing protection ===== 
 +  * Wikis can be 
 +    * **open**: //anyone// can view and edit pages 
 +    * **closed**: anyone can view pages, you must have an account to edit pages 
 +    * **private**: you must have an account to view and edit the wiki
  
 ===== Ways to get a wiki of your own ===== ===== Ways to get a wiki of your own =====
 +  * It is easy to create your own wiki.
 +  * Two choices: 
 +    * Use a hosted service.
 +    * Install a service yourself.
 +
 +===== Hosted service =====
 +  * There are a number of service providers that let you create a wiki on their servers (often at no cost).
 +  * //Pro//:
 +    * They've done the hard work of setting up the service for you.
 +  * //Cons//:
 +    * Typically will insert advertising into your pages to make money.
 +    * Many limit the number and/or size of pages in their free offerings.
 +    * May go out of business--and take your wiki with them!
  
-It is easy to create your own wiki. You generally have two choicesuse a hosted service or install a service yourself.+===== Hosted service ===== 
 +  * Popular hosted wiki services: 
 +    * [[http://www.wikia.com|Wikia]] 
 +    * [[http://www.wikihost.org|wikihost.org]] 
 +    * [[http://www.wikispot.org/|wiki spot]] 
 +    * [[http://www.wikispaces.com/|Wikispaces]]
  
-==== Hosted service ==== +===== Self-installed service ===== 
-There are a number of services that let you create a wiki on their servers--many for no cost. The advantage of a hosted service is that they have done all the hard work of setting up the service for you. However, these services typically will insert advertising into your pages to make money, so they may not be suitable for all purposesMany also limit the number and/or size of pages in their free offeringsAnother drawback is that the service may go out of business--and take your wiki with them!+  * To install your own wiki serviceyou will need to have an account with a [[wp>Web hosting service]]. 
 +  * Then you can usually install a wiki engine by uploading the needed files or sometimes just enabling an engine in the Web host's control panel. 
 +  * //Pro// 
 +    * Your wiki will be free from advertising and won't have space and other limitations. 
 +  * //Con// 
 +    * You may have to fix any problems that come up and make backups yourself.
  
-Some popular hosted wiki services include:+===== Self-installed service ===== 
 +  * Popular and/or easy to install wiki engines include: 
 +    * [[http://dokuwiki.org/|Dokuwiki]] 
 +    * [[http://lionwiki.0o.cz/|LionWiki]] 
 +    * [[http://www.pmwiki.org/|PmWiki]] 
 +    * [[http://www.mediawiki.org|MediaWiki]]
  
-  * [[http://www.wikia.com|Wikia]] +===== References/sources ===== 
-  * [[http://www.wikihost.org|wikihost.org]] +Mitchell, Scott"Easy Wiki Hosting, Scott Hanselman's blog, and Snagging Screens." MSDN Microsoft Development, Subscriptions, Resources, and MoreMicrosoft, Inc., 1 July 2008. Web29 Mar. 2011. <http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc700339.aspx>.
-  * [[http://www.wikispot.org/|wiki spot]] +
-  * [[http://www.wikispaces.com/|Wikispaces]]+
  
-==== Self-installed service ==== +"Wiki: What Is Wiki." Wiki: Welcome Visitors. N.p.n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWiki>.
-To install your own wiki serviceyou will need to have an account with a [[wp>Web hosting service]]After that, Then you can usually install a wiki engine by uploading the needed files or sometimes just enabling an engine in the Web host's control panelThe benefits of self-hosting are that your wiki will be free from advertising and won't have space and other limitationsA possible disadvantage is that you may have to fix any problems that come up and make backups yourself.+
  
-Some popular and/or easy to install wiki engines include: +"wiki (Web site) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online EncyclopediaN.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1192819/wiki>.
-  * [[http://dokuwiki.org/|Dokuwiki]] +
-  * [[http://lionwiki.0o.cz/|LionWiki]] +
-  * [[http://www.pmwiki.org/|PmWiki]]+
  
computer_basics/what_is_a_wiki_slides.1351016248.txt.gz · Last modified: 2012/10/23 18:17 by mithat